Every inch of belly fat has an impact on heart health.

Article By: CALIFORNIA18

“The amount of fat people carry in their torso is the most important for tracking body fat and cardiovascular risk. We know that it is very active and contains many inflammatory factors that can cause heart disease,”

A survey coordinated by Oxford University scientists revealed that every extra centimetre of abdominal fat increases the risk of heart problems. The results were presented at a congress of the European Society of Cardiology, held from August 26 to 28, in Barcelona, ​​Spain.

According to the researchers, 2.5 cm of extra belly fat represents an 11% increase in a patient’s risk of having heart disease. Thus, a person with a waist of 104 cm is 42% more likely to have a heart problem than a person measuring 94 cm, for example.

“The amount of fat people carry in their torso is the most important for tracking body fat and cardiovascular risk. We know that it is very active and contains many inflammatory factors that can cause heart disease,” cardiologist Ayodipupo Oguntade explained.

The survey analysed data from 430,000 Britons, aged between 40 and 70, spanning 13 years. People who had wider waists were 3.2 times more likely to develop heart adversity. Stroke, heart failure, arrhythmia and infarction were the most common illnesses associated with the condition.

However, individuals with a higher body mass index, which takes into account weight and height, were 2.6 times more likely to have a heart problem, which, according to the researchers, proves that abdominal fat is more harmful to heart health than the person’s total weight.

According to the Brazilian Society of Cardiology (SBC), cardiovascular diseases are some of the main causes of death in Brazil. According to the institution, most deaths could be avoided or postponed with preventive care and therapeutic measures.

For BCS, prevention and adequate treatment of risk factors and heart disease may be enough to reverse serious conditions. For this, it is necessary to know how to identify the main symptoms of cardiovascular problems and treat them, if you present any of them.

Among the cardiovascular diseases that cause more fatalities, the Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) stands out. It is caused due to the presence of fatty plaques that clog the brain blood vessels. Symptoms include: difficulty speaking, dizziness, difficulty swallowing, weakness on one side of the body, among others.

Atherosclerosis is a disease caused by hardening of the arteries that carry oxygen and nutrients from the heart to the body. The condition impairs blood flow and causes the patient to experience weakness, fatigue, and chest pain. In addition to being related to the aging process, the disease can be caused by high cholesterol, genetics, diabetes and hypertension.

Cardiomyopathy is another serious disease that affects the heart. The disease, which leaves the heart muscle inflamed and swollen, can weaken the heart to the point that a transplant is necessary. Symptoms of the disease include frequent weakness, swelling, and fatigue.

Myocardial infarction occurs when blood flow to the myocardial muscle is interrupted for a long time. The absence of blood in the region can cause serious problems and even tissue death. Obesity, smoking, high cholesterol and genetic tendency can cause the disease. Among the symptoms are: chest pain that lasts for 20 minutes, tingling in the arm, burning in the chest, etc.

One of the most common and serious heart diseases is heart failure. It is characterized by the inability of the heart to pump blood to the body. The disease causes fatigue, difficulty breathing, weakness, etc. Among the main causes of the disease are: infections, diabetes, unhealthy habits, etc.

Peripheral arterial disease, like most heart diseases, is caused by the formation of fatty plaques and other substances in the arteries that carry blood to the lower limbs of the body, such as the feet and legs. High cholesterol and smoking contribute to the problem. Symptoms include sores that do not heal, erectile dysfunction, and swelling in the body.

Caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses from other parts of the body that migrate to the heart and infect the endocardium, endocarditis is a disease that can cause chills, fever and fatigue. The treatment of the disease will depend on the patient’s condition and, sometimes, surgery may be indicated.

Caused due to inflammation of other cardiac muscles, myocarditis can cause weakening of the heart, abnormal heart rate, and sudden death. Chest pains, shortness of breath and an abnormal heartbeat are some of the main symptoms.

In addition to the common symptoms of each of the cardiovascular diseases, excessive tiredness for no apparent reason, nausea or loss of appetite, difficulty breathing, swelling, chills, dizziness, fainting, tachycardia and persistent cough can be signs of heart problems.

According to the Cardiovascular Prevention Guidebook of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology (SBC), despite some specific cases, it is possible to prevent heart problems by maintaining good eating habits, exercising and taking care of the mind.

During the study, there were 8,600 heart disease events among the participants and many resulted in death.

In Brazil, in 2021, almost six out of ten people were overweight or obese, equivalent to 57.2% of the population. The rate has increased during the pandemic, mainly affecting men aged 45 to 54 years. The data is in the Vigitel 2021 survey, carried out by the Ministry of Health.


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